The NDC states that the institutions necessary to implement the NDC programmes exist. They are the Ministry of Environment, Urban Hygiene and Sustainable Development (MESUDD), which is the agency responsible for the preparation of the NDC, in cooperation with the Executive Secretariat of the National Council of the Environment for Sustainable Development (CNEDD), the focal point for the UNFCCC.
It also recognises, however, that institutional arrangements could be improved with focal points in the concerned institutions; establishment of an operationally independent executive agency; a supreme authority for the NDC, etc.
The NDC recognises the agriculture/animal husbandry and land use sector as the priority sector for adaptation. It provides that, since Niger is situated along the edge of the dry areas of the Sahara, it is directly impacted by the consequences of climate change.
It explains that various studies carried out in connection with the National Communications on climate change in Niger mention the increasing variability of precipitation in terms of both space and time; a trend of increased temperatures, particularly since 1996; increased frequency and intensity of extreme climate risks (droughts, floods, violent winds and sand and dust storms, the enemies of crops); the silting of water courses (Niger River valley and Lake Chad) and oases; drought losses in Niger estimated at more than US $70 million; and the damage, including costs, caused to key sectors of the economy by the floods in the 2000s estimated at $18 million US.
Niger’s NDC provides that the adaptation options considered as top priority are those that will permit the higher co-benefits with respect to climate change mitigation, particularly those good adaptation practice sand techniques which, at the level of the country’s eight regions, will permit carbon sequestration and reduction of GHG emissions at the same time. Niger is still in the process of formulating its NAP.
The NDC also highlights Niger’s national priorities for adaptation to climate change, stating that the national priorities for the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses (AFOLU) sector relate to improving the resilience of the agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry sub-sectors. The other priorities concern water resources, fishing, fauna, health and capacity building of the actors at all levels. The adaptation techniques appropriate for Niger relate in particular to sustainable land management (SF-SLM 2014), renewable energy and energy efficiency.
Niger’s NDC sets out that Niger’s average losses due to drought are more than US $70 million and the damage to the economy from floods for the period 2000-2010 was US $18 million.
The NDC emphasises that the sustainable development objectives to which the NDC contributes cannot be realised without the transfer of appropriate technologies and the financing and building of competencies.
The provides that financial needs over ten years, for the period 2020 – 2030, are US $1.607 billion for adaptation, of which US$0.337 billion is unconditional and US$1.27 is conditional.
It also details what is needed in terms of technology transfer and capacity building in order to implement the NDC.
The NDC describes how its institutional implementation structure includes “Country monitoring and evaluation system” which takes into account gender, measurement, notification and verification (MNV) procedures, and a register of INDC projects. The monitoring and evaluation system and INDC capitalisation will be implemented based on: monitoring and evaluation of the implementation process which will examine aspects of inter-sector coordination, follow-up and evaluation of the effects and impacts of the INDC based on relevant criteria and indicators and the definition of corrective measures for climate, environmental, economic and social protection, monitoring of risk and of the evolution of vulnerability to climate change at the national level, and capitalisation of experience and the lessons learned.