Photo: FAO


National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • NDC: 2020 – 2030
  • National Strategy for Sustainable Development (SNDD) (2006)
  • Action Plan for National Environment and Sustainable Development (PANE II): 2012 – 2016
  • Sustainable Management Strategy for the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector: 2008 – 2012
  • National Action Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change (PANA) (2004)
  • National Adaptation Plan

National Institutional Arrangements

The NDC provides that at the request of the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, each Ministry has designated a ‘Sectoral Focus Point’ in charge of climate change for its sector.  Mauritania has thus developed a network of Sectoral Focus Points within ministerial departments to improve implementation of the objectives of the Convention.

Priorities and Needs

The NDC sets out that an increase in temperature and a decrease in precipitation in Mauritania will be accompanied by an increase in the frequency and intensity of the phenomena of extreme droughts and floods and disturbances in the seasonal distribution of rainfall. Further, the coastline, which stretches over 720 km, already shoes in places (Nouakchott) its sensitivity to the phenomenon of rising sea levels.

The NDC further describes the impacts of climate change on key sectors, including water resources; livestock; housing, town planning and regional planning; natural resources; fishing; and on health.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

Mauritania’s NDC sets out both what adaptation measures it has taken in the past, as well as it ambitions and needs in terms of adaptation. The NDC provides that Mauritania is seeking to achieve its adaptation priorities through initiatives proposed by different sectors, including:

  • A food needs coverage rate of 117% for rice, 80% for wheat, 75% for traditional cereals; 160% for milk, 126% for meat white
  • The realization of sanitation networks (wastewater and rainwater) of cities of Nouakchott, Rosso, Kaedi, Kiffa, Nouadhibou, Nema, Aioun, Timbedra, Akjoujt, Atar
  • An aerial seeding of degraded lands (10,000 ha / year) to favor the regeneration of the natural environment
  • The restoration of natural pastures (defences and management of rangelands in the context of territorial climate plans)
  • 300 surveys (150 at depths greater than 200 (m) for the exploration of aquifers, transformable into exploitation boreholes and / or in piezometers
  • Hydrogeological synthesis and resource assessment in difficult or vulnerable areas and the extension of regular monitoring to all of the fields capturing with the teletransmission system
  • The realization of the project of drinking water supply (AEP) in 4 wilayas of the northern area of the country
  • The realization of desalination projects for coastal and other areas
  • The realization of 2000 small isolated drinking water supply networks (AEP) in the rural environment equipped with solar
  • The protection of the cities of Nouakchott and Nouadhibou against risks marine immersion and silting
  • Strengthening the resilience of the vulnerable population, particularly in rural environment, in the face of the effects of climate change
  • Institutional and technical capacity building of structures national and local planning, financing and implementation adaptation measures to climate change
  • Strengthening the resilience of natural ecosystems to the effects of climate change
  • Integrated and sustainable rehabilitation and management of wetlands against effects of climate change
  • The development of small water bodies on pilot sites
  • Promoting responsible fishing on Lake Foum Gleita,
  • Capacity building for the monitoring and management of inland fisheries
  • Promoting fish farming to improve food security and reduction poverty in rural areas
  • Strengthening the nutrition and health of vulnerable households

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

Mautitania’s NDC sets out that in addition to capacity building needs, technological and institutional transfers, the realization of adaptation projects and measures requires financing of USD 9,377.4 billion for the period 2015-2030.

It breaks this figure down into the financial needs of different sectors:

  • Agriculture: US$ 843 million
  • Water and sanitation: US$ 1500 million
  • Breeding: US$36.4 million
  • Habitat, urban planning and spatial planning: US$ 5,000 million
  • Environment and Sustainable Development (Nature Protection): US$ 133 million
  • Fishing and maritime economy: US$ 1,644 million
  • Health: US$ 221 million

Monitoring and Evaluation

The NDC provides that Mauritania has started to develop a Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system appropriate and effective for all sectors of the national economy.