Source: UNDP Kenya


National Focal Point

  • Ministry of Environment and Forestry

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • NDC: 2020 – 2030
  • National Climate Change Response Strategy (NCCRS) (2010)
  • National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP) (2013)
  • National Adaptation Plan (NAP) (under preparation)

Priorities and Needs

Kenya’s NDC describes that, like other countries in the region, Kenya is bearing the brunt of climate change impacts and the other associated socio-economic losses. It explains that the situation is exacerbated by the high dependence on climate sensitive natural resources. The country’s economy is highly dependent on climate sensitive sectors such as agriculture that is mainly rain-fed, energy, tourism, water and health. The NDC provides that the main climate hazards include droughts and floods.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

Kenya’s NDC sets out priority adaptation actions for various sectors, as follows:

  • Energy: increase the resilience of current and future energy systems
  • Science, technology and innovation: support innovation and development of appropriate technologies that promote climate resilient development
  • Public sector reforms: Integrate climate change adaptation into the public sector reforms
  • Human Resource Development, Labour and Employment: Enhance adaptive capacity and resilience of the informal private sector
  • Infrastructure: Climate proofing of infrastructure (energy, transport, buildings, ICT)
  • Land Reforms: Mainstream climate change adaptation in land reforms
  • Education and training: Enhance education, training, public awareness, public participation, public access to information on climate change adaptation across public and private sectors
  • Health: Strengthen integration of climate change adaptation into the health sector
  • Environment: Enhance climate information services; Enhance the resilience of ecosystems to climate variability and change
  • Water and irrigation: Mainstream of climate change adaptation in the water sector by implementing the National Water Master Plan (2014)
  • Population, urbanisation and housing: Enhance the adaptive capacity of the population, urbanisation and housing sector
  • Gender, Vulnerable Groups and Youth: Strengthen the adaptive capacity of the most vulnerable groups and communities through social safety nets and insurance schemes
  • Tourism: Enhance the resilience of the tourism value chain
  • Agriculture, livestock development and fisheries: Enhance the resilience of the agriculture, livestock and fisheries value chains by promoting climate smart agriculture and livestock development
  • Private Sector/Trade; Manufacturing; Business Process Outsourcing, Financial services: Create enabling environment for the resilience of private sector investment, demonstrate an operational business case
  • Oil and mineral resources: Integrate climate change adaptation into the extractive sector
  • Devolution: Mainstream climate change adaptation into county integrated development plans and implement the Ending Drought Emergencies Strategy

Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts

The adaptation plans set out in the NDC have some synergies with disaster risk reduction efforts, for example, climate proofing infrastructure.

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

The NDC notes that any reasonable achievement of the adaptation goal will require financial, technology and capacity building support. It estimates that over US$40 billion is required for mitigation and adaptation actions across sectors up to 2030.