Photo: UNDP


National Focal Point

 Ministry of Tourism and Environmental Affairs

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • NDC
  • National Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan
  • National Climate Change Policy
  • NAP (to be developed by 2020)

Priorities and Needs

Eswatini’s NDC describes that Eswatini is facing severe climate change impacts, citing variable precipitation patterns, droughts, desertification, higher temperatures and increased storm intensities that have already affected the country’s key economic sectors. It describes that dwindling crop yields, violent storms and persistent drought are exacerbating the country’s existing challenges, and sets out four key sectors of the economy for which adaptation will be of utmost importance in Eswatini:

  • the biodiversity and ecosystems sector
  • the water sector
  • the agriculture sector
  • the health sector

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

Eswatini’s NDC sets out its planned adaptation actions for key sectors, and at the national level:

  • National level: to develop a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) by 2020 with the primary objectives of identifying its climate risk, reducing vulnerability to the impacts of climate change, and facilitating the integration of climate change adaptation into new and existing policies
  • Biodiversity and ecosystems sector: to restore and maintain ecological infrastructure; establish long-term biodiversity conservation, landscape management and natural resource management programmes; strategically plan and manage the ecological infrastructure; and enhance biodiversity and promote ecotourism
  • Water sector: to align the climate change policy with the National Water Policy and the 2003 Water Act; develop price structures to encourage efficient water consumption; strengthen the capacity of early warning centres; and integrate water resource management across all sectors
  • Agriculture sector: to increase the contribution of agriculture to economic development; and improve food and nutrition security through sustainable use of natural resources, improved access to markets, and improved disaster and risk management systems

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

Eswatini’s NDC notes that the extent to which Eswatini’s adaptation contribution can be achieved is dependent on the level of support received – in the form of appropriate capacity building, technical assistance, technology transfer, skills training and finance.