Photo: UNHCR/C. Fohlen

Central African Republic

National Focal Point

  • Ministère de l 19Environnement, du Développement Durable, des Eaux, Forêts, Chasse et Pêche (Ministry of the Environment, Sustainable Development, Waters, Forests, Hunting and Fishing)

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

Priorities and Needs

The NDC notes that the entire national territory is exposed to extreme climate hazards represented by droughts and torrential rains followed by floods. It notes that the most vulnerable areas are the south, north and northeast, and that the most vulnerable populations are women, children, indigenous peoples and the aged.

It describes that the country’s vulnerability to change in the climate and a lack of ability to adapt to their adverse impacts represent serious threats to the management of ecosystems and other agricultural and renewable natural resources, social cohesion, stability and sustainable development.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

The NDC sets out 8 adaptation options within which its 27 adaptation objectives can be categorised:

1. Adjustment of the policy framework

  • Integrate climate change adaptation measures into the policies and programmes for the development of the most vulnerable priority sectors
  • Improve awareness, education and communication regarding adaptation and the risks associated with climate change.

2. Improve knowledge about resilience to climate change

  • Enhance capabilities for handling climate change data at the national, regional and local levels.
  • Study the resilience mechanisms of the agricultural, forestry and animal husbandry systems
  • Establish an early warning system

3. Sustainable management of the agricultural, forestry and animal husbandry systems

  • Introduce varieties that are adapted to climate extremes
  • Diversify agricultural systems by including several types of crops and diversifying varieties
  • Diversify means of livelihood and systems of production (fishing, aquaculture, agriculture, animal husbandry, hunting and forests)
  • Establish a seed bank (animal and plant)
  • Promote agricultural and forestry systems and sustainable soil management
  • Promote urban, suburban and community forestry
  • Restore degraded forest landscapes
  • Sustainably manage transhumance corridors and conflicts between agriculturalists and pastoralists

4. Land-use planning

  • Establish land-use plans by type of use (road infrastructure, mines/petroleum, agriculture, animal husbandry, forests, protected areas or wildlife reserves, urban spaces etc.)

5. Improvement and development of basic infrastructure

  • Improve the standards for infrastructure construction
  • Develop structures adapted to climate change

6. Guarantee energy security

  • Diversity energy sources
  • Develop hydroelectric installations (including micro-dams)
  • Promote the use of wood waste as fuel for forestry companies
  • Promote the use of improved cook stoves

7. Improve public health systems

  • Develop a system for monitoring, preventing and effectively responding to the human diseases associated with climate change
  • Establish a waste management plan
  • Develop waste management units

8. Find uses for wastes sustainable management of water resource

  • Improve the supply of potable water
  • Establish a system for monitoring water quality
  • Develop a system for monitoring underground and surface water resources

The NDC then lists the following ongoing adaptation measures:

  • resilience and food security project in the city of Bangui and its Ombella-Mpoko suburbs
  • the Southwest Region Development Project (PDRSO)
  • the enhancement of agroecological systems in the Lake Chad Basin (PRESIBALT /PRODEBALT)
  • the sustainable management of fauna and bush meat in central Africa (GCP/RAF/455/ GFF)

It also provides the country’s prospective adaptation measures:

  • programme to integrate climate change into development plans and strategies
  • development of a National Climate Change Adaptation Plan
  • evaluation of needs and development of a national strategy in the area of technology transfer
  • prepare eligibility for the Green Climate Fund
  • national early warning programme
  • flood management programme in the Central African Republic
  • Ubangi riverbank development project
  • drought management programme in the Central African Republic
  • national investment programme for agriculture, food security and resilience to climate change
  • national transhumance management programme
  • multi-landscape management of biodiversity resources through non-ligneous forest products
  • promotion of urban and suburban forestry in the large cities of the Central African Republic
  • implementation and monitoring of forest management plans
  • enhancing climatic resilience and the transition to low carbon emission development in the CAR through sustainable management of forests by means of better land-use planning
  • prevention of waterborne diseases and other seasonal pathologies
  • planning of drinking water supply systems in the Central African Republic

Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts

The NDC provides that with climate change, the probability of extreme climate hazards such as torrential rains, floods and droughts could increase. Some of the adaptation objectives it identifies address these risks, including improving awareness, education and communication regarding risks associated with climate change, and establishing an early warning system. It also includes flood and drought management programmes in its list of prospective adaptation measures.

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

The Central African Republic’s NDC highlights that to implementation will require capacity building at all levels, and the transfer of technology and cooperation-research. It states that the financing needs over the period of commitment amount to US$1.554 billion, of which US$1.441 billion is conditional.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The NDC provides that the Central African Republic will put in place an appropriate national measurement, notification and verification system, and that the government will organise regular consultations with the stakeholders at all levels to both update the actions and make sure that they are being carried out.