Aerial view of the coastal town of Tarrafal, Cabo Verde on Exposure. Photo: IWRM AIO SIDS

Cabo Verde

National Focal Point

National Institute of Meteorology and Geophysics

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • NDC: 2020-2030
  • Cabo Verde’s Transformational Agenda for 2030
  • National Energy Efficiency Plan of 2015 (PNAEE)
  • National Renewable Energy Plan of 2015 (PNAER)
  • The Strategic Water and Sanitation Plan (PLENAS)
  • Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (DCRP III)
  • Cabo Verde’s Low Carbon and Climate Resilient Development Strategy (in preparation)

Priorities and Needs

Cabo Verde’s NDC describes that, as a small island country and a dry Sahelian country with only 10% arable land area, Cabo Verde is particularly vulnerable to climate change and its impacts. The impacts range from extreme weather conditions to sea-level rise and the degradation of fish stocks. With 80% of total population living in coastal areas, Cabo Verde is particularly sensitive to sea-level rise and coastal hazards. Specific vulnerabilities include frequent extreme events like storms, floods and droughts, as well as shorter rainy seasons, with immediate impacts on livelihoods, infrastructure, sanitary conditions, recharge of reservoirs, and crop productivity. The NDC also highlights that Cabo Verde is affected by acute water scarcity.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

Cabo Verde’s NDC sets out they key strategic aces for adaptation contributions, and lists both existing adaptation policies and actions and proposed adaptation goals and measures.

Key strategic axes are:

  • Promoting integrated water resources management, guaranteeing stable and adequate water supply (for consumption, agriculture, ecosystems and tourism)
  • Increasing adaptive capacities of agro-silvo-pastoral production systems in order to ensure and improve national food production and promoting Cabo Verde’s ocean-based (“blue”) economy
  • Protecting and preventing degradation of coastal zones and their habitat

The existing policies and actions to increase the country’s adaptive capacity are:

  • National Strategic Water and Sanitation Plan (Plano Estratégico Nacional de Água e Saneamento -“PLENAS”)
  • Project “Building adaptive capacity and resilience to climate change in the water sector”
  • Water supply project in Santiago
  • Water, Sanitation and Hygience (WASH) Project
  • National Basic Sanitation Plan (Plano Nacional de Saneamento Básico)
  • National Adaptation Programme of Action (Programa de Acção Nacional de Adaptação as Mudanças Climáticas – “NAPA”)
  • Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (Documento de Estratégia de Crescimento e Redução da Pobreza – “DECRP”)
  • National Environmental Action Plan (Plano de Ação Nacional para o Ambiente – “PANA”)
  • Strategic Plan for Agriculture Development (Plano Estratégico do Desenvolvimento Agrícola – “PEDA”) and the specific Action Plans for Agriculture Development (Planos de Ação para o Desenveolvimento da Agricultura – “PADA”)
  • National Program for Food Security (Programa Nacional para Segurança Alimentar)

The key adaptation actions to be implemented by Cabo Verde are as follows:

Water and sanitation management:

  • Seek to ensure by 2030 that every citizen has safe access to a minimum of 40l potable water per day; that all urban households are connected to the water supply network; that sewage collection system and proper disposal is extended; and that at least 4 wastewater treatment plants and water re-use facilities are constructed
  • Seek to establish a systematized electronic database for storage and management of water-related information and a framework for measuring, reporting and verification
  • Seek to build several new desalination and water pumping units
  • Seek to promote new water storage and distribution techniques and to build at least 5 new dams by 2030
  • Seek to develop water and sanitation master plans for each island
  • Seek to increase urban resilience

Adaptive capacity of acro-silvo-pastoral production and promotion of blue economy:

  • Seek to disseminate more efficient small-scale irrigation techniques and promote soil conservation schemes
  • Seek to diversify income generating activities in rural areas
  • Seek to promote ocean-based (“blue”) economy
  • Seek to strengthen governance, strategy development and capacity building

Protecting and preventing degradation of coastal zones and their habitat:

  • Seek to rehabilitate or construct infrastructure for the protection of coastal zones against sea level rise and beach erosion
  • Seek to implement actions for the adaptation of fishing activities and fishing communities

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

The NDC states that the Government of Cabo Verde is dependent on international support in the form of technology support, capacity-building, business development, private-sector involvement, and international climate finance.

It notes that financing needs and flows for implementing the proposed adaptation activities still need to be assessed and determined.