National Focal Point
- Ministry of Environment, Water and Climate
National Strategic Documents and Timeframe
- National Adaptation Plan
- Zimbabwe Agenda for Sustainable SocioEconomic Transformation
- National Climate Policy
- Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CADDP)
- Zimbabwe Agriculture Investment Plan (ZAIP)
National Institutional Arrangements
The NDC explains that the government has been largely coordinating national and long-term projects while independent civic organisations were primarily focusing on short-term programmes limited in geographical scope. The national government is the main player coordinating climate-related disaster risk reduction programmes through the Civil Protection Unit, which includes key agencies in charge of disaster early warning, response and recovery.
The NDC sets out that the Government’s Results Based Management system, which is coordinated by the Office of the President and Cabinet, will be used as the principal monitoring and execution framework for the adaptation component of Zimbabwe’s NDC.
Priorities and Needs
Zimbabwe’s NDC describes that the country’s location in the Southern subtropics makes it particularly vulnerable to climate change. The NDC explains that Zimbabwe’s economy is founded on sectors vulnerable to climatic changes namely agriculture, forestry, energy, tourism, and industry. It states that approximately 80% of the rural population’s livelihoods are dependent on rain fed agriculture making them highly vulnerable to climate induced weather extremes, variability and climate change impacts.
Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts
Zimbabwe’s NDC sets out both long-term and near-term adaptation visions, goals and targets:
Promoting adapted crop and livestock development and climate smart agricultural practices through:
- strengthening capacities to generate new forms of empirical knowledge, technologies (including conservation agriculture) and agricultural support services that meet climate challenges
- promoting the use of indigenous and scientific knowledge on drought tolerant crop types and varieties and indigenous livestock that are resilient to changes in temperatures and rainfall
- developing frameworks for sustainable intensification and commercialization of agriculture at different scales across agro ecologie
Building resilience in managing climate related disaster risks such as droughts by:
- strengthening early warning systems on climate related agricultural risks
- developing and sustaining an integrated approach in all sectors of the economy to reduce impacts of climate extreme events
- promoting climate indexed insurance solutions and enabling market frameworks
Strengthening management of water resources and irrigation in the face of climate change by:
- promoting and supporting water harvesting as a climate change adaptation strategy
- developing, rehabilitating and maintaining surface and groundwater resources
- strengthening and intensify monitoring systems for hydro-meteorological parameters
- promoting efficient water use practices in the economy
- strengthening institutional capacity, research and extension for integrated water resources management
- strengthening biodiversity conservation management and integrity of natural ecosystems to adapt to climate change
- strengthening water and moisture conservation initiatives
Promoting practices that reduce risk of losses in crops, livestock and agricultural incomes by:
- building capacity to conduct comprehensive vulnerability assessments and develop appropriate response models
- strengthening the capacity of the national meteorological and hydrological services to provide timely climate data
Cross sectoral adaptation efforts such as:
- promoting capacity building through research and development, education and awareness, and training in climate change related issues
- mainstreaming gender responsive climate policies and emphasise special efforts to support vulnerable groups (women, youth and children) in climate change adaptation efforts within all sectors of the economy
- promoting non-timber forest products and sustainable agro-forestry practices to enhance forest-based adaptation
- implementing management practices that enhance capacity of power generation of hydropower stations in situations of limited water availability due to reduced rainfall
- increasing the water-holding capacity of reservoirs in anticipation of increased abstraction and increased evaporation
- building the capacities and support communities toward a diversification of livelihoods and shifts from agriculture into other sectors
Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts
The NDC’s adaptation plans include building resilience in managing climate related disaster risks such as droughts by: strengthening early warning systems on climate related agricultural risks; developing and sustaining an integrated approach in all sectors of the economy to reduce impacts of climate extreme events; and promoting climate indexed insurance solutions and enabling market frameworks.
Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities
Zimbabwe’s NDC includes a section outlining the gaps and barriers to specific planned actions, as well as a summary of needs section. This sets out that up to US$35 billion will be cumulatively needed by 2030 for adapting to climate change in the agriculture sector. The required international support for this is estimated at US$26.175 billion by 2030.
It notes that further information on support for financial investment, capacity development and technology generation and transfer in adaptation initiatives is required.
Monitoring and Evaluation
The NDC sets out the various bodies responsible for monitoring and reporting progress on adaptation, as well as the guidelines that will be used.
The Government’s Results Based Management system will be used as the principal monitoring and execution framework for the adaptation component of Zimbabwe’s NDC together with other internationally agreed and relevant guidelines. The existing NDC National Steering Committee will continue working closely with the Climate Change Management Department in facilitating the accounting and monitoring of the NDC.