The NDC explains that the programmes elaborated within it will be integrated in the Seventh National Development Plan (SeNDP) currently being developed. Efforts are being made to establish the National Climate Change Development Council for climate change coordination in the country as stipulated in the draft National Policy on Climate Change. The National Designated Authority (NDA) for the Green Climate Fund has been designated and is expected to play a key role of “clearing house or entity” for climate change projects to be funded from the GCF in Zambia. The process to select a National Implementing Entity (NIE) and establish a National Climate Change Fund (NCCF) is ongoing.
The NDC describes that climate variability and change has become a major threat to sustainable development in Zambia. It provides that the country is already experiencing drought and dry spells, seasonal and flash floods and extreme temperatures. Droughts and floods, which have increased in frequency and intensity over the past few decades, have adversely impacted food and water security, water quality, energy and livelihoods of the people, especially in rural communities.
The NDC provides that future trends in the country are towards a higher average temperature, a possible decrease in total rainfall, and some indication of heavy events of rainfall, impacting key economic sectors including water, agriculture, forestry m wildlife, tourism, mining, energy, infrastructure and health.
The NDC identifies the following key socio-economic sectors as most vulnerable to climate change impacts: agriculture, water, forestry, energy, wildlife, infrastructure, and health.
The NDC provides that adaptation measures identified based on vulnerability assessment of seven key economic sectors (agriculture, water, forestry, energy, wildlife, infrastructure and health) comprise three goals/programs that have strong synergies with mitigation .The NDC outlines priority actions and the key activities for each of these programs.
Zambia’s NDC provides that the country will require international support in the form of finance, investment, technology development and transfer, and capacity-building to fully realize its intended contribution. Further analysis will be necessary to refine the required investment cost and determine the domestic support as more data and results of studies become available.
The NDC states that the total budget for implementing both mitigation and adaptation components is estimated at US$ 50 billion by the year 2030, out of this US$ 35 billion is expected to come from external sources.
The NDC explains that since it is a part of the national development and planning process for climate change issues, it will be monitored and evaluated according to the existing monitoring and evaluation frameworks