Uganda


National Focal Point

  • Ministry of Water and Environment

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • NDC: 2016-2030
  • National Climate Change Policy (NCCP) (2015)
  • National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) (2007)
  • National Policy for Disaster Preparedness and Management (2010)
  • National Climate Change Policy with Costed Implementation Strategy (2012/13)
  • National Adaptation Plan (NAP)
  • National Development Plans
  • Climate Smart Agriculture Program (2015-2025)
  • Uganda Vision 2040
  • Second National Development Plan (NDP II) 2015/16 – 2019/2020 (2015)

Priorities and Needs

The NDC explains that the economy of Uganda is highly dependent on her natural resources, making the country vulnerable to the impacts of climate change.

It describes that Uganda is experiencing significant impacts of climate change, which include changing weather patterns, drop in water levels, and increased frequency of extreme weather events.

Since 1960 mean annual temperatures have risen by 1.3°C and annual and seasonal rainfall has decreased significantly across Uganda. Rainfall has also become more unpredictable and evenly distributed over the year. Extreme events such as droughts, floods and landslides are increasing in frequency and intensity.

The NDC notes that climate change is affecting a wide variety of sectors, particularly agriculture, water, health and human settlements.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

Uganda’s NDC sets out its long-term goals for adaptation to climate change, as well as its current and near-term action.

Uganda’s priority sectors and actions for adaptation are listed as:

Agriculture:

  • expanding extension services
  • expanding climate information and early warning systems
  • expanding Climate Smart Agriculture
  • expanding diversification of crops and livestock
  • expanding value addition, post-harvest handling and storage and access to markets, including micro-finances
  • expanding rangeland management
  • expanding small scale water infrastructure
  • expanding research on climate resilient crops and animal breeds
  • extend electricity to the rural areas or expanding the use of off-grid solar system to support value addition and irrigation

Forestry:

  • promoting intensified and sustained forest restoration efforts (afforestation and reforestation programmes)
  • promoting biodiversity and watershed conservation (including re-establishment of wildlife corridors)
  • encouraging agro-forestry
  • Encouraging efficient biomass energy production and utilization technologies

Water:

  • improving water efficiency
  • ensuring water supply to key economic sectors, especially agriculture, and domestic use, including water harvesting and storage
  • managing water resource systems, including wetlands, particularly in cities, in such a way that floods are prevented and existing resources conserved (through the establishment of an Integrated Water Resources Management system)
  • extending electricity or expanding use of off-grid solar system to support the water supply

Infrastructure:

  • ensuring that land use plans and building codes reflect the need to make public and private buildings more climate-resilient
  • investing in making existing and new buildings more resilient
  • updating transport codes and regulations and implementing measures to ensure compliance with them
  • updating of risk assessment guidelines
  • improving water catchment protection

Energy:

  • increasing the efficiency of the use of biomass in the traditional energy sector
  • promoting renewable energy and other energy sources
  • increasing the efficiency in the modern energy sector, mainly of electricity
  • ensuring the best use of hydropower by careful management of the water resources
  • Climate proofing investments in electricity power sector

Health:

  • Conducting vulnerability assessments of the health sector to climate change impacts
  • assessing the impacts of climate change on human health and well-being
  • improving early warning systems for disease outbreaks
  • putting in place contingency plans to develop climate change- resilient health systems
  • strengthening public health systems by building hospitals and supplying them with medicine, equipment and well-trained personnel
  • making provision for a safe water chain and sanitation facilities to limit outbreaks of water-borne diseases and implement strong public awareness programmes to promote better hygiene

Risk management:

  • mainstreaming climate resilience in all sectors
  • developing vulnerability risk mapping based on better data on climate change impacts at sectoral and regional level
  • identifying better drainage plans
  • building more effective early warning system
  • improving emergency related institutions and establishing a contingency fund to take care of emergency needs following an extreme climate event

The NDC also lists the following current and near-term actions:

  • Uganda’s National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) was submitted to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in 2007
  • Approved a National Policy for Disaster Preparedness and Management in 2010
  • Developed her National Climate Change Policy and its Costed Implementation Strategy in 2012/13
  • Has taken steps to integrate climate change into the National Development Plans, as well as in sectoral policies, plans and programmes
  • Has produced climate change mainstreaming guidelines
  • Some efforts have also been made in research, systematic observation, education, training, public awareness and institutional strengthening
  • Specific activities have been developed on the ground to increase resilience, regarding, among others, agriculture, water and urban planning
  • Developed a 10-year Climate Smart Agriculture Program (2015-2025)
  • A road map for the development of the National Adaptation Plan (NAP) was submitted to the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change at the beginning of 2015. The agricultural sector National Adaptation Plans process was launched in June 2015
  • The country will lay the ground for the National Adaptation Plans preparation during 2015, and will finalize it ready for implementation by mid 2016.The process will also include the analysis of current and future climate variables, the assessment of vulnerabilities and the appraisal of adaptation options, refining the priority sectors and actions mentioned above. The National Adaptation Plan process will compile and communicate priority national adaptation plans by December 2016.

Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts

The NDC provides that Uganda approved a National Policy for Disaster Preparedness and Management in 2010. In setting out Uganda’s adaptation actions, the NDC also makes clear that disaster risk management is crosscutting for adaptation.  It lists risk management as one of its priority sectors, and identifies the following priority adaptation actions within it:

  • mainstreaming climate resilience in all sectors
  • developing vulnerability risk mapping based on better data on climate change impacts at sectoral and regional level
  • identifying better drainage plans
  • building more effective early warning system
  • improving emergency related institutions and establishing a contingency fund to take care of emergency needs following an extreme climate event

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

The NDC emphasises that the full implementation of its planned actions is conditional on the support of international community. It states that capacity building, technology transfer and finance are the most important needs in Uganda. It provides that the total adaptation cost in the adaptation priority sectors is estimated at around US$2.4 billion over the next 15 years. This is broken down as follows:

  • 2016-2020: US$537.1 million
  • 2021-2025: US$936.8 million
  • 2026-2030: US$932.1 million

Monitoring and Evaluation

The NDC provides that climate change-related initiatives will continue to be monitored. Information from ministries, departments and agencies will be reported the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development and copied to the National Planning Authority and the Climate Change Department, which will prepare a consolidated annual progress report.