National Strategic Documents and Timeframe
Priorities and Needs
The NDC sets out that Tunisia remains very vulnerable to the global warming anticipated in the region and the corresponding implications of major increases in temperature, reduced precipitation and rising sea levels. The socio-economic and environmental impact will particularly affect water resources, agriculture, natural and artificial ecosystems, the coastline, health and tourism.
It explains that Tunisia is considered to be one of the countries most exposed to climate change in the Mediterranean, rising sea levels and escalating extreme weather phenomena (floods and droughts). These risks are likely to result in major environmental and socio-economic vulnerability.
The NDC further sets out Tunisia’s vulnerability to climate change for water resources, coastline, agriculture, ecosystems, health, and tourism.
Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts
Tunisia’s NDC provides that the country has prepared measures focusing on the adaptation of six key sectors and ecosystems which are among the most vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change:
- projects to transfer and reuse treated wastewater and to improve and secure the water supplies of large urban centres, especially Greater Tunis, Cap-bon, Sahel and Sfax.
- the rehabilitation of coasts and the prevention of coastal erosion through redeveloping and displacing coastal industrial zones
- rehabilitating and protecting existing infrastructure against the risks of climatic impacts
- developing farms and agricultural infrastructure
- adapting irrigated crops in the central regions
- adapting mixed farming-livestock production to climate change in vulnerable regions
- updating the agricultural map will be updated to take into account the impacts of climate change
- introducing a climate monitoring and early warning system, as well as an insurance mechanism against climatic hazards due to climate change
- conserving and exploiting genetic heritage to adapt cereal crops to climate change, and to develop innovative systems for arable crops
- rehabilitation of forest nurseries and the expansion of indigenous and multi-use species
- holistic management of cork oak forests in zones at high risk of fire in the north-west of the country
- management of the degraded rough grazing and esparto areas in the central and southern regions
- conservation of the ecological functions of low-lying coastal areas
- integrated rural development of vulnerable drainage basins, sub- drainage basins and flood control
- biological consolidation of work to combat silting in the south of Tunisia and support the implementation of regional action plans to counter desertification.
- restoration of the Tunisian touristic sea coast and protection of tourist areas against the advance of the sea
- definition of climatic and touristic regions and adaptation of the division of eco-tourists circuits
- development of a range of services that are at once alternative and complementary to seaside tourism, particularly in terms of health, culture, sport and environment
- launch and promotion of the concept of ecological hotels.
- optimization of the management of water resources by the tourist sector and installation of mini seawater desalination plants using renewable energies
- risk assessment and prevention of a proliferation of respiratory pathologies linked to climate change
- introduction of a network to monitor epidemics of the principle vector- borne diseases
- implementation and strengthening of the entomological monitoring network and efforts to fight mosquitoes and sand flies
- introduction of a programme to adapt the health system to climate change, especially through protection against water-borne diseases
Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities
Tunisa’s NDC sets out that the total funding needs for adaptation to climate change would stand at about US$1.9 billion for the period 2015-2030. It qualifies that besides a number of physical investments, these are mostly intangible investments to support and popularize new practices (institutional support, capacity building, research and development, etc.).
The NDC states that Tunisia is appealing for international support to cover all of the additional costs for the adaptation of these sectors and fields: water resources, coastline, agriculture, ecosystems, health, and tourism.