Sierra Leone

National Focal Point

  • Ministry of Transport and Aviation (MTA)

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • NDC: 2020 – 2030
  • National Development Plan (2013-2018)
  • National Strategies on Climate Change (2000-)
  • Special Program on Climate Change (2009)
  • National Climate Change Policy (NCCP)
  • National Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (NCCS&AP)

Priorities and Needs

The NDC identifies that Sierra Leone has been ranked as the third most vulnerable nation to the adverse effects of climate change. It explains that the population has low adaptation capacity and rural populations will be the most affected because of their high dependence on rain-fed agriculture and natural resource-based livelihoods.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

Sierra Leone’s NDC sets out its goals, which include to reduce or minimize risks by improving capacity, reducing vulnerability to climate change impacts and increasing the resilience and sustainable wellbeing of all citizens.

The NDC identifies priority climate change response strategies in the area of adaptation to the impacts of climate change. These are:

  • Estimation, in a sustainable manner, of Sierra Leone’s contribution to global warming and climate change
  • Management of rangelands and pastures by managing grazing systems and grazing intensity, fire management and pasture rehabilitation
  • Integrated management of crops and Livestock management
  • Restoration of degraded lands with high production potential
  • Management of coastal and fisheries resources through promotion of non-destructive fishing techniques to maintain resilience of marine ecosystem
  • Promotion and facilitation of early warning and disaster preparedness system
  • Strengthen integration of climate change adaptation into the health sector
  • Strengthen the adaptive capacity of the most vulnerable groups an communities through social safety nets and insurance schemes
  • Enhance the resilience of the tourism value chain
  • Create enabling environment for the resilience of private sector investment, demonstrate an operational business case
  • Integrate climate change adaptation into the mining/extractive sector
  • Mainstream climate change adaptation in land reforms

Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts

Sierra Leone’s NDC has a component specifically for loss and damage, which sets out the following priority actions:

  • Adoption of the current disaster risk reduction policy into a comprehensive climate policy
  • Implement policy through legislation
  • Establish and/or strengthen the high-level National DMD Council
  • Establish a National DMD agency as the primary national agency for climate change response

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

The NDC provides that the realisation of the bold ambitions and actions identifies will require substantial financial resources, investment, technology development and transfer, and capacity-building. It goes on to state that to succeed in this ambitious intention, Sierra Leone will need to access both public and private sources and from both within Sierra Leone and overseas.

The cumulative expenditure commitment estimates in the NDC is about US$ 900 million for both adaptation and mitigation.

The NDC notes that further analysis will be necessary to refine the required investment cost and determine the domestic support.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The NDC provides that it will be necessary to develop and apply an integrated framework for measuring, monitoring, evaluating, verifying and reporting results of response (mitigation and adaptation) actions and the synergies between them. Effective implementation is highly dependent on the internal “feedback” generated through monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) processes.