National Focal Point
- Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change
National Strategic Documents and Timeframe
- NDC: 2020 – 2030
- National Climate Change Strategy (2009)
- Seychelles Sustainable Development Strategy (2012-2020)
- Seychelles Strategic Plan (2015-2040)
- Seychelles Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (2015-2020)
- National Disaster Risk Policy (2014)
Priorities and Needs
The NDC emphasises that as a small island developing state, the republic of Seychelles is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and climate variability.
It sets out that the main climate change threats facing Seychelles are similar to those threatening other small island developing states: changes in rainfall patterns leading to flooding, landslides on one hand and extended periods of drought on the other, increases in sea temperature, changes in acidity and damage to marine ecosystems, increases in storms and storm surges, and sea level rise during the longer term. This will have significant impacts on infrastructure, agriculture, fisheries, tourism, energy and water security, biodiversity, waste management and on human health and well-being.
The NDC explains that much of the human activity in Seychelles is concentrated around the low-lying, coastal areas which are at the highest risk of flooding from heavy rainfall, storm surges, and sea level rise during the longer term. Future planning should focus on losses from flooding and landslides. There are also concerns about a lack of clear policy on the protection of critical infrastructure in the country, such as roads, ports, government buildings, energy generation, water distribution and sewerage systems.
It lists the vulnerabilities of Seychelles with respect to climate change as follows:
- Critical Infrastructure (roads, ports, government buildings, electricity, water and sewerage management systems)
- Tourism (in proximity to the coast or in areas vulnerable to flooding and landslide)
- Food Security (currently reliant on food imports, and need support for local sustainable and climate-smart agriculture and fisheries efforts)
- Coastal and Marine Resources (considering the aims of the Blue Economy and Seychelles Strategic Plan 2015)
- Water Security (particularly considering issues of storage and distribution)
- Energy Security (particularly considering the reliance on fossil fuels)
- Health (particularly addressing the burden placed on high-density populations in the coastal areas and general vulnerability to climate-sensitive diseases)
- Waste (particularly for landfill sites in high risk, coastal locations)
- Disaster preparedness (particularly addressing the need for more research to understand climate change impacts, and resources to predict, prevent and respond to disasters)
Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts
Seychelles’ NDC sets out a number of adaptation actions for various sectors, including their estimated (lower bond) cost:
Critical Infrastructure (US$ 70 million)
- Climate change adaptation to be mainstreamed in all sectors with critical infrastructure
- Planning process for all new developments, with associated improvements in the building codes and their rigorous enforcement
- Building the resilience of communities
Tourism/Coastal Management (US$ 45 million)
- Implement Coastal rehabilitation and protection measures in critical areas due to coastal erosion caused by SLR
- Build coastal resilience
- Reduce vulnerability to flooding and landslide in critical areas
- Strengthen the early warning System and capacity building In coastal areas
- Greater co-management of the sector by the Ministry of Tourism and Department of Risk and Disaster Management as well as with the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change
Food Security (US$ 35 million)
- A sustainable modern agriculture supported by new and innovative technologies across all food production supply and value chains, and by skilled and qualified human resources and integrated with the Blue Economy and Seychelles Strategic Plan 2015
- Integrate early warning systems into agriculture
- Invest in research and innovation to strengthen Seychelles’ climate resilience
Biodiversity (US$ 15 million)
- Fully implemented Seychelles Biodiversity Strategy and Action plan
- Fully implemented and enforced Biodiversity Law
- Fully bio-secure border
Water Security (US$ 85 million)
- Fully integrated approach to water security that addresses issues such as ecosystem health, waste management, water treatment and supply, sewage, agriculture, etc.
- Increase storage capacity by building a dam
- Improving water resource management
- More resilient energy base with greater innovation of renewable energy where practicable
- Efficient fuel-based land transport and more use of electric vehicles charged with renewable energy technology
- Strengthened cooperation between Government entities
Health (US$ 30 million)
- Health sector able to respond to population increase and its additional climate-related health burden e.g. dengue fever, lestopirosis, etc.
- Exploration of relevant potential science and technology innovation
Blue Economy (US$ 15 million)
- Set up a proper marine resource management institution
- Waste managed according to strict hierarchy and waste policy fully implemented
- Exploration of relevant potential science and technology innovations
Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts
The NDC makes reference to the Department of Risk and Disaster Management which has mainstreamed climate change concerns into its work and is guided by a new policy and law (Disaster Risk Management Act, 2015).
In addition, the Seychelles National Disaster Risk Policy (2014) provides several areas for near-term action,
- Establishing sound, integrated and functional legal and institutional capacity for total disaster risk management in Seychelles
- Improving risk identification, assessment and monitoring mechanisms in Seychelles
- Reducing the underlying risk and vulnerability factors by improving disaster risk management applications at all levels
- Strengthening disaster preparedness for effective response and recovery practices at all levels
- Enhancing information and knowledge management for disaster risk management
Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities
The NDC states that the cost of implementing the adaptation contributions up to 2030 has been estimated to be at least US$ 295 million.
It details the gaps, barriers and needs of Seychelles in terms of: capacity building, education and awareness; research and monitoring; technology; and legislation.
Monitoring and Evaluation
The NDC provides that the National Climate Change Committee will function as the main body to coordinate and monitor implementation of climate change adaptation projects, and identify emerging gaps and opportunities for further action. It also makes references to an indicative monitoring plan which will be monitored by the Climate Change Division of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change.