São Tomé and Príncipe


National Focal Point

  • Ministry of Infrastructures, Natural Resources and Environment
  • National Committee for Climate Change

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

National Institutional Arrangements

The NDC provides that Sao Tome and Principe has a legal and institutional framework to manage and respond to challenges on environmental issues. The Ministry of Infrastructure, Natural Resources and Environment is involved in the implementation of the UNFCCC, in collaboration with the National Institute of Meteorology (NIM). Sao Tome and Principe’s National Committee for Climate Change is responsible for the implementation, coordination, monitoring and evaluation of the UNFCCC.

Priorities and Needs

The NDC describes that Sao Tome and Principe shows vulnerability and fragility as a developing small island state. It provides that the impacts of climate change are evident in all sectors of the national economy, such as: agriculture and livestock; forest and soil; water, energy and fishing; coastal zone and population; and health and education.

It states that the country is already suffering the impacts of climate change, including increasing temperature, decreasing rainfall, longer dry season “gravana”, decreasing groundwater reservoirs, floods, raising sea level and increasing coastal erosion.

It notes that these trends have negative economic impacts on energy production, fishing activities, forestry and agro forestry, agriculture and livestock.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

The NDC sets out the country’s near-term and long-term adaptation visions, goals and targets.

Actions for the short to medium term are:

  • Strengthening the National Service of Civil Protection and Fire, by 2025, to respond to fire and other environmental disasters
  • Reduce the number of people living in vulnerable areas at risk, by providing housing in safer areas
  • Develop a national program for sustainable management of the forest and agro forestry ecosystems by 2025
  • Introduce radar reflectors on board all fishing vessels by 2025
  • Train and equip fishermen with means to enable safe fishing and train them in the proper use of fishing gear

Actions for the medium and long term are:

  • Reduce the illegal and indiscriminate felling of trees by 15% by 2030
  • Develop scientific and technical research on adaptation of new productive crop varieties with a broad spectrum of tolerance to adverse climate impacts by 2030
  • Promote forestry/planting of species resistant to dry and low rainfall by 2030
  • Improve pasture with grazing selection by applying rotation management of plots by 2030
  • Increase the resilience to erosion and maritime, river and storm flooding of coastal areas through improved Coastal Protection for vulnerable communities
  • Reduce the use of nitrogen fertilizers in agriculture by 2030

Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts

Some of the adaptation actions set out in the NDC have synergies with disaster risk reduction efforts. These include:

  • Strengthening the National Service of Civil Protection and Fire, by 2025, to respond to fire and other environmental disasters
  • Reduce the number of people living in vulnerable areas at risk, by providing housing in safer areas
  • Introducing radar reflectors on boats and training fishermen to reduce the number of accidents at sea

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

The NDC makes clear that being a LDC, Sao Tome and Principe requires external support to implement a climate change resilient development. The actions set out in the NDC are dependent on the future availability of financial, technological and capacity-building support provided by the international community.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The NDC provides that the National Committee for Climate Change is responsible for monitoring and evaluation, amongst other things.