Niger


National Focal Point

  • Conseil national de l’Environnement pour un Développement Durable (CNEDD) (National Council for the Environment for Sustainable Development)

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

National Institutional Arrangements

The NDC states that the institutions necessary to implement the NDC programmes exist. They are the Ministry of Environment, Urban Hygiene and Sustainable Development (MESUDD), which is the agency responsible for the preparation of the NDC, in cooperation with the Executive Secretariat of the National Council of the Environment for Sustainable Development (CNEDD), the focal point for the UNFCCC.

It also recognises, however, that institutional arrangements could be improved with focal points in the concerned institutions; establishment of an operationally independent executive agency; a supreme authority for the NDC, etc.

Priorities and Needs

The NDC recognises the agriculture/animal husbandry and land use sector as the priority sector for adaptation. It provides that, since Niger is situated along the edge of the dry areas of the Sahara, it is directly impacted by the consequences of climate change.

It explains that various studies carried out in connection with the National Communications on climate change in Niger mention the increasing variability of precipitation in terms of both space and time; a trend of increased temperatures, particularly since 1996; increased frequency and intensity of extreme climate risks (droughts, floods, violent winds and sand and dust storms, the enemies of crops); the silting of water courses (Niger River valley and Lake Chad) and oases; drought losses in Niger estimated at more than US $70 million; and the damage, including costs, caused to key sectors of the economy by the floods in the 2000s estimated at $18 million US.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

Niger’s NDC provides that  the adaptation options considered as top priority are those that will permit the higher co-benefits with respect to climate change mitigation, particularly those good adaptation practice sand techniques which, at the level of the country’s eight regions, will permit carbon sequestration and reduction of GHG emissions at the same time. Niger is still in the process of formulating its NAP.

The NDC also highlights Niger’s national priorities for adaptation to climate change, stating that the national priorities for the Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses (AFOLU) sector relate to improving the resilience of the agriculture, animal husbandry and forestry sub-sectors. The other priorities concern water resources, fishing, fauna, health and capacity building of the actors at all levels. The adaptation techniques appropriate for Niger relate in particular to sustainable land management (SF-SLM 2014), renewable energy and energy efficiency.

The NDC then sets out initiatives supporting adaptation that are already underway:

  • Projects financed by the French Development Agency (AFD)
  • The PANA Resilience/FEM/ACDI project
  • The African Climate Change Adaptation Programme (P2AA)
  • The PNUD/FED Community Based Adaptation project (CBA)
  • The Climate-Smart Agriculture Support Project of HC-13N, financed by the World Bank
  • The PRASE-FEM project
  • The Strategic Programme for Climate Resilience (PSRC)
  • The Food Security Support Project in the Maradi region (PASADEM)

The NDC sets out proposed SF-SLM adaptation measures for the AFOLU priority sector:

  • restoration of 1,030 ha of agricultural land (at a cost of $309 million)
  • assisted natural regeneration of 1,100 ha ($33 million)
  • dune fixation of 550 ha ($220 million)
  • management of 2,220 ha of natural forests ($222 million)
  • planting of 145,000km of hedgerows ($46.9 million)
  • planting of 750 ha of gum trees and douma palms ($300m)
  • planting 125 ha of moringa oleifera ($37.5 million)
  • 5 ha of herbaceous seeding ($30 million)
  • 750 ha of private forestry ($75 million)

Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts

Niger’s NDC sets out that Niger’s average losses due to drought are more than US $70 million and the damage to the economy from floods for the period 2000-2010 was US $18 million.

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

The NDC emphasises that the sustainable development objectives to which the NDC contributes cannot be realised without the transfer of appropriate technologies and the financing and building of competencies.

The provides  that financial needs over ten years, for the period 2020 – 2030, are US $1.607 billion for adaptation, of which US$0.337 billion is unconditional and US$1.27 is conditional.

It also details what is needed in terms of technology transfer and capacity building in order to implement the NDC.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The NDC describes how its institutional implementation structure includes “Country monitoring and evaluation system” which takes into account gender, measurement, notification and verification (MNV) procedures, and a register of INDC projects. The monitoring and evaluation system and INDC capitalisation will be implemented based on: monitoring and evaluation of the implementation process which will examine aspects of inter-sector coordination, follow-up and evaluation of the effects and impacts of the INDC based on relevant criteria and indicators and the definition of corrective measures for climate, environmental, economic and social protection, monitoring of risk and of the evolution of vulnerability to climate change at the national level, and capitalisation of experience and the lessons learned.