Guinea-Bissau


National Focal Point

  • Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • INDC
  • National Action Plan for Climate Change Adaptation (NAPA) (2006)
  • National Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRSP II)
  • National Strategic Plan – TERRA RANKA: 2015 – 2025

Priorities and Needs

Guinea-Bissau’s INDC states that the country’s environment is increasingly vulnerable to the impacts of global climate change. It describes that gradual increases in temperature and reductions in rainfall will significantly reduce agricultural productivity and exacerbate water shortages.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

The INDC provides that it is necessary and urgent that the Guinea-Bissau Government take initiatives such as:

  • the development of new, more resistant crops and changes in agricultural systems in order to increase the resilience of its agriculture to climate change
  • the protection of coastal ecosystems
  • adopt measure to reduce long term risks
  • the integration of climate change into local development plans, forest management plans and soil occupancy, and in development policies and strategies.

It further provides that the country plans in the short term to implement the following actions:

  • increase protected forest areas from 15% to 26%
  • conduct a nationwide forest inventory
  • develop a agro-ecological zone
  • Strengthen capacity to participate in REDD+
  • Increase the adaptation capacity of national ecosystems through soil protection against water and wind erosion, and protecting the coast against rising sea levels

In the medium and long term, the INDC provides that Guinea-Bissau undertakes to:

  • Develop a national reforestation and sustainable management of forest and agro forestry ecosystems programme by 2025
  • Develop scientific and technical research on adaptation of new productive varieties with broad spectrum tolerance to climate adverse effects by 2025
  • Reduce illegal and indiscriminate felling of trees by 2030
  • Promote forestry/plantation of species resistant to drought and low rainfall by 2030
  • Develop an Integrated Management Programme for the Coastal Zone by 2025
  • 80% renewable energy in the national energy mix by 2030
  • Energy efficiency – reduce energy losses up to 10% in the 2030 time span
  • 80% of universal access to electricity by 2030
  • As a SIDS draw up a profile of Vulnerability & Resilience to climate change in the country.

Finally, it sets out the long-term objectives embodied in the introduction of “climate proofing” sectors through:

  • Short- cycle and drought resistant seeds
  • Hydro-agricultural Planning
  • Introduction of farming techniques resilient to the effects of climate change
  • Introduction of rapid growth fodder plant for animal feeding
  • Preparation of contingency plans for the management of climate risks and natural disasters
  • Capture and storage of rainwater (water retention basins and mini-dams) for water management in the dry season
  • Construction of grain banks and seeds
  • Infrastructure (roads, bridges, houses, etc.)

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

The INDC sets out that the implementation of adaptation actions will require financial, technological and capacity building support from the international community. It provides that Guinea-Bissau requires approximately US$ 42 million for the implementation of adaptation projects in two of its eight administrative sectors, but that a nationwide analysis of the cost of adaptation has not yet been undertaken.

Monitoring and Evaluation

The INDC provides that the country is drafting a proposal for a monitoring system and progress reports that meets national needs and comply with international requirements for monitoring activities and progress of its contributions, with different projects implemented and/or ongoing.