Ghana’s NDC is anchored in the anticipated 40-year long-term development, the GSGDA II, National Climate Change Policy as well as the Low Carbon Development Strategy. The NDC provides that many national policies, laws and regulations will support its implementation.
The NDC states that its proposed measures will build on existing measures and strategies, and that existing legal frameworks will have to be revised accordingly. Such revisions are subject to approval by Ghana’s Parliament.
The NDC identifies the following sectors as being vulnerable to climate change and in need of adaptation actions being implemented:
Ghana’s NDC outlines the following priority adaptation policy actions to be implemented, and lists the programme of actions for each:
Ghana’s NDC includes early warning and disaster prevention as one of its adaptation policy actions. This will involve expanding and modernizing the current 22 synoptic stations based on needs assessment, and increasing the number to 50 stations for efficient weather information management. It also includes city-wide resilient infrastructure planning as an adaptation action.
Ghana’s NDC includes a section on means of implementation, which provides that investment of USD 12.79 billion will be required for adaptation. Ghana will mobilize USD 4.21 billion (34%) at the national level and the remaining USD 8.29 billion is the international contribution Ghana is looking for in order to meet the cost of implementing its adaptation actions.
The NDC also sets out that Ghana will be looking for international partnerships to take advantage of the opportunities for technology development and transfer and continuous up-skilling especially in the priority INDC sectors.
The NDC states that Ghana recognizes that a Monitoring, Report and Verification (MRV) system is the cornerstone to ensure the successful implementation of its NDC actions. It provides that Ghana’s MRV system will build on the existing national development monitoring and evaluation structures which incorporate sector-based periodic information review through an Annual Progress Report system. The MRV system will be deployed to track progress towards achieving INDC goals as well as any modifications in the priority policy actions that will be implemented to attain the NDC goals as well as any modifications in the priority policy actions that will be implemented to attain the NDC goals that have been put forward.