Equatorial Guinea


National Focal Point

  • Ministry of Environment

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • INDC
  • National Action Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change (PANA) (2013)

Priorities and Needs

The NDC states that, based on the forecasts made, Equatorial Guinea will be exposed to a greater variability of rainfall (drought in general, greater showers and sunnier days), higher temperatures and an increase in sea level (together with more frequent storms and waves). The population is experiencing more frequent storms, floods, drought, and higher temperatures. The NDC identifies the following sectors as most vulnerable to the effects of climate change: agriculture, fishing, energy, housing, education, sanitation, drainage, health and the environment.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

The INDC sets out that the objectives of the contribution, in terms of adaptation to climate change as a vulnerable country, include:

  • integration of climate change and problems of climate change variability in policies and planning processes at the national, regional and local levels
  • implementation of strategies for the reduction of risks and measures of adaptation in pilot sites
  • strengthening the technical capacity to integrate climate risks in the management of coastal areas
  • disseminating lessons learned to key stakeholders.

The INDC then provides that, with the adoption of the National Action Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change (PANA) in 2013, the country developed a strategy to promote resilience to climate change in all sectors, with concrete proposals in the short and medium term. Among the actions are:

  • Performing periodic diagnoses on climate vulnerability at the national level, according to international standards
  • Construction of meteorological stations throughout the national territory for good monitoring of climatic factors in each area of the territorial administration
  • Installation of early warning systems for climate risks and other natural catastrophes
  • Periodic analysis of the resilience capacity of all infrastructure, both undertaken and in progress
  • Location of pluviometric stations in hydroelectric plants to monitor the changes in rainfall
  • Establishment of mechanisms to achieve the integral management of watersheds
  • Promotion of agricultural production systems with better resilience in the face of change climate
  • Restoration of different ecosystems susceptible to losing their resilience

Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts

The adaptation objectives and actions set out in the INDC have synergies with disaster risk reduction efforts, such as:

  • Implementation of strategies for the reduction of risks and measures of adaptation in pilot sites
  • Strengthening the technical capacity to integrate climate risks in the management of coastal areas
  • Installation of early warning systems for climate risks and other natural catastrophes

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

The INDC states that the estimated total cost of adaptation actions is US$114.5 million for 2015 – 2030 and US$171.3 million for 2030 – 2050.

It also sets out the country’s needs, including: institutional needs; information, awareness and education on climate change; and training and research applied to climate change.