Djibouti


National Focal Point

Ministère de l’Habitat, de l’Urbanisme et de l’Environnement (Ministry of Housing, Urbanism and Environment)

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • NDC: 2020 – 2030
  • National Adaptation Plan (NAP)
  • National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) (2006)
  • National Strategy for a Green Economy (in development)

Priorities and Needs

Djibouti’s NDC emphasises that, as an LDC and a coastal country of the Horn of Africa, the country’s vulnerability to climate change is considerably high. It lists the country’s priority objectives as follows:

  • Reduction of vulnerability to drought
  • Protection against rising sea levels
  • Improvement of access to water
  • Protection of biodiversity
  • Reinforcement of the resilience of rural populations

The NDC describes that, in recent years, climate change has already appeared in the form of increases in average global temperature and in the intensity and frequency of extreme weather events like drought and flooding. It explains that the geographical location of the Republic of Djibouti makes it directly vulnerable to the rising sea level, especially given that 88% of its population lives along the coastline.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

Djibouti’s NDC provides that national adaptation priorities have been defined for 2035, broken down into multiple strategies. This will entail:

  • reducing vulnerability to drought
  • protecting against rising sea levels
  • improving access to water
  • protecting biodiversity
  • reinforcing the resilience of rural populations

The NDC also lists and describes the following funded adaptation measures:

  • Global Climate Change Alliance project
  • support programme to reduce vulnerability in coastal fishing areas (PRAREV-PÊCHE)
  • implementation of priority NAPA actions to strengthen resilience in Djibouti’s most vulnerable coastal zones; desalination plant in Djibouti
  • Rural Community Development and Water Mobilization Project (PRODERMO)
  • Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihood Programme of the Horn of Africa (DRSLP-HoA)
  • SHARE – Drinking Water
  • water supply project between Djibouti and Ethiopia
  • development of agro-pastoral perimeters as a strategy for Djibouti’s poor rural communities’ adaptation to climate change
  • Strategic Individual Sanitation Plan for the Dikhil Region
  • support for adaptation to climate change among rural communities in mountainous regions
  • pastoral system security project – PSSP/SHARE (2014)
  • implementing Adaptation Technologies in the Fragile Ecosystems of the Tadjourah and Hanlé Plains
  • support project for the resilience of rural populations

Finally, the NDC lists and describes the following adaptation measures pending funding:

  • creation of a second desalination plant
  • repairs to water mains
  • construction of new dykes
  • a construction project for a dam in the Ambouli watershed

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

Djibouti’s NDC details the capacity-building, technology transfer and funding needs for implementation.

It provides that the adaptation projects currently being implemented account for a budget of nearly €100 million. That sum represents just 12% of the total amount that will need to be invested in adaptation under the 2°C scenario, and a mere 7.5% in the case of the 4°C scenario.

The NDC states that details of the implementation methods are provided in a dedicated document entitled “Guide de mise en oeuvre pour la Contribution Prévue Déterminée Nationale” (“Implementation Guide for the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution”).