Côte d’Ivoire


National Focal Point

  • Ministère de l’Environnement  (Minister of the Environment)

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • NDC
  • National Development Plan 2011-2015 and 2016-2020 (NDP)
  • National Strategy for the Fight against Climate Change 2015-2020 (2014)
  • Côte d’Ivoire Coastal Environment Management Strategy and National Action Plan 2015 – 2020
  • National Climate Change Program 2015 – 2020

Priorities and Needs

The NDC lists the following climate change impacts: floods, storms, landslides, droughts, heat waves, bushfires, reduced river flow and dwindling surface water volume, shortened average duration of vegetation growth periods, increased exposure of plants to water stress, low growth of plant biomass, reduction of the productive potential of ecosystems, reduction of arable land due to degradation, and coastal erosion to 3 meters per year which can reach up to 6 to 12 meters during storms.

The NDC then lists affected sectors, according to weather they are high vulnerability or medium or low vulnerability.

High vulnerability sectors include: agriculture, livestock and aquaculture; land use; forests; water resources; energy; and coastal areas.

Medium or low vulnerability sectors include: infrastructure; transport (roads); public health; and gender.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

The NDC sets out the following adaptation activities, with their objectives and description:

Water Resources: Master and manage resources in water to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience

  • Strengthen watershed planning and coordination
  • Develop dam agropastoral projects
  • Develop of new hydro-agricultural sites and reservoirs
  • Improve irrigation efficiency

Agriculture: Reduce the vulnerability and increase the resilience of the agricultural sector

  • Develop the agro-ecological approach
  • Improve production technologies
  • Develop storage units
  • Promote and popularize cultivated species resilient to climate change
  • Develop seasonal forecasts that strengthen resilience to climate change
  • Promote women’s access to rural land

Forests and land use: Fight against the deforestation and degradation of lands to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience

  • Improve silvicultural species, promote agroforestry and restore degraded lands
  • Promote sustainable land management
  • Promote techniques for improving soil fertility and the conservation of water

Hydrometeorological Disaster Management: build resilience against coastal erosion

  • Evaluate the hydro-meteorological risks and put in place mitigation measures
  • Set up a system of multi-risk alerts
  • Set up a contingency plan and efficient response plan
  • Inform, educate and communicate the hydrometerological risks
  • Strengthen the capacities of actors in disaster risk reduction and disaster management
  • Systematically evaluate the losses and damage and ensure recovery and construction post-disaster
  • Monitor coastal erosion and identify high-risk areas
  • Protect the habitat: enforce regulation on the construction and extraction of sand on the on the coast, relocate and rebuild structures at risk on a fallback line, and build protection (breakwaters, windbreaks, revegetation, reforestation, mangroves, etc.)

Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts

The adaptation actions set out in the NDC have strong synergies with disaster risk reduction efforts. The NDC includes a section on loss and damage, setting out the human losses, losses related to coastal erosion, loss of agriculture production, and loss of infrastructure likely to result from climate change. These losses are largely addressed within the adaptation actions set out in the NDC, including, to: set up a system of multi0risk alerts; set up a contingency plan and efficient response plan; inform, educate and communicate the hydrometerological risks; strengthen the capacities of actors in disaster risk reduction and disaster management; systematically evaluate the losses and damage and ensure recover and construction post-disaster; and monitor coastal erosion and identify high-risk areas.

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

The NDC sets out the country’s needs for human, institutional, technical and financial capacity building and technology transfer. It provides the that total cost of Côte d’Ivoire’s adaptation activities total US $1.762 billion.

It further explains that the country will need to mobilise all relevant resources including national and international funding, specifically noting the following sources  for financing both mitigation and adaptation actions: private finance; national budget; donors and grants, loans and technical assistance; the Green Climate Fund; carbon markets; and other economic instruments such as carbon tax. The NDC also notes that the country will need to develop partnerships and improve access for technology transfer and development.