The NDC provides that the National Council for Sustainable Development (CNDD) will lead the program in collaboration with the Ministries and the other departments concerned.
The NDC notes that Comoros is, like other island developing countries, highly vulnerable to climate change impacts. It provides that the main hazards affecting Comoros are: the increase in temperature; sea level rise; more intense tropical cyclones and changes in precipitation; the modification of the wind regime; ocean acidification; and changing fundamental cycles.
The NDC further provides that Comoros’s economy is highly dependent on agriculture (~50% of GDP) and the vast majority of its population lives in coastal areas. It emphasises that the effects of climate change are already highly visible.
It is said that the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change are rural communities and poor farmers who often lack the capacity to withstand its impacts.
The NDC provides that it will be important to:
The NDC sets out the following adaptation projects already underway in Comeros, noting their respective sector/objectives, and their state of implementation:
The NDC then lists the main objectives in terms of adaptation for 2020 and 2030 in the following sectors: water; agriculture and livestock; health; risk reduction and disasters; and integration and awareness.
Comoros’s adaptation objectives include synergies with disaster risk reduction. In terms of risk reduction, the target by 2020 is to have an early warning system and effective intervention able to be implemented across the country. Two targets are set out for 2030, namely, that: 100% of the population located in vulnerable zones will either be moved or will have facilities protecting them from climate hazards, especially flooding risks; and the country will have a system of construction standards that take into account climate change, from 10-year and 100-year floods, to flooding linked to sea level rise and cyclonic swells.
The NDC provides that to achieve its adaptation goals, the country will have to successfully integrate these climate change adaptation measures into various sectoral policies, build capacity, and mobilize sufficient financial resources.
The NDC also notes human capacity building, technology, and financial needs for its implementation.
In terms of financial support, the NDC sets out that around US$ 300 million will be needed for climate change adaptation measures. It explains that about 10% of this could be the share of the national budget.
The NDC sets out that with regard to adaptation measures, monitoring could be done through sectoral working groups and Development Planning and Monitoring and Evaluation Committees (PSCES)