Cameroon


National Focal Point

  • Ministère de L’Environnement de la Protection de La Nature et du Developpement Durable
    (Ministry of the Environment for the Protection of Nature and Sustainable Development)

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • NDC
  • National Adaptation Plan for Change (PNACC) (2015)

National Institutional Arrangements

The National Observatory on Climate Change, created in 2009, is responsible for planning and coordinating the implementation of the NDC, and the monitoring and evaluation of it.

Priorities and Needs

The NDC sets out Cameroon’s vulnerability to climate change in all sectors: agriculture (drought, rising temperatures); livestock (drought, rising temperatures); fisheries and aquaculture (droughts, rising temperatures); forestry and wildlife (droughts, extreme events); water, sanitation and health (drought, floods and ground movement); energy, mines and industries (precipitation, drought, rise in sea level); urban development and public works (floods, rise in sea level); and tourism (drought). It provides that the most vulnerable areas of Cameroon are Sudano Sahelian ZAE and Coastal AEZ, and states that about 320,000 people are exposed to climate disasters annually.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

The NDC states the vision of Cameroon’s National Adaptation Plan for Change, that, in 2035 “climate change in the five zones of Cameroon’s agro-ecological systems are fully integrated with the sustainable development of the country, thereby reducing vulnerability, and transforming the problem into a development opportunity, so Cameroonians – especially women, children and vulnerable people – end economies, gain greater resilience and capacity to adapt to the negative impacts of climate change.”

The 2015 National Adaptation Plan sets out 4 strategic axis to achieve the this result:

  • Strategic axis 1: improve knowledge of climate change recommendations
  • Strategic axis 2: inform, educate and mobilise the Cameroonian population to adapt to climate change
  • Strategic axis 3: reduce vulnerability to climate change in main sectors and agro-ecological zones of the country
  • Strategic axis 4: integrate climate change adaptation into the national sectoral strategies and policies

The NDC also sets out the 20 programs, grouped into general themes, of the 2016-2025 intervention strategy is broken down into 20 programs grouped into general themes:

Agriculture, Livestock, Fishing:

  • Program 16: Development of integrated and resilient agriculture in response to the effects ofclimate change;Water needs management; development of sustainable agriculture; management of water pollution; waste management and exploitation
  • Program 17: Reducing the vulnerability of livestock to the effects of climate change;Space management, mapping of terroirs;improvement of shifting cultivation; forage production
  • Program 18: Reducing the effects of climate change on the fisheries sector

Regional planning / risk management:

  • Program 01: Upgrading national hydro data collection systems -weather, analysis, forecasting, information, early warning, and strengthening ofcapacity
  • Program 02: Update of national, regional and departmental contingency plansincrease and operationalization of the emergency fund
  • Program 03: Development of climate risk programs and plan of assignment of terres; national master plans, provincial, departmental, community; tracking system
  • Program 05: Coastal protection and development against the effects of climate change; restoration and management of mangroves;  adaptation of infrastructures
  • Program 07: Adaptation of the technical references of construction of the infrastructures to the effects climate change
  • Program 08: Reducing the vulnerability of urban populations to the effects of climate change climate
  • Program 09: Improvement of local land governance in response to climate change

Energy, Industry:

  • Program 11: Integrated management of household waste, collection and valorization
  • Program 12: Diversification of energy supply in the context of climate change
  • Program 15: Taking account of climate change in the development of tourism activities; development and adaptation of tourist sites
  • Program 20: Addressing climate change in the development of industries in Cameroon

Forests:

  • Program 19: Reducing forest vulnerability to climate change: inventories, management and conservation of forest blocks, forest cover restoration, especially in sensitive areas (source heads, banks, etc.); village agroforestry; valuation of vegetable waste; development of in situ transformations ; biodiversity conservation;management trafficking and poaching; bushfire management

Water Management/Health/Social:

  • Program 10: Adaptation of the National Gender Policy and Reduction of their Vulnerability to climate change
  • Program 13: Strengthening and securing access to water resources and services sanitation in a context of climate change; securing environmental services; management of surface water and groundwater, protection of water source and river heads; Fixing of banks and floors; fights against pollution (agricultural, industrial, sanitary, etc.); prevention of extreme events (floods); conservation of aquatic biodiversity
  • Program 14: strengthening the adaptation capacity of the National Health System in the face of climatic changes;  warning systems

Capacity Building/Communication

  • Program 04: Awareness of the population, professionals, administrations and decision-makers on the effects of climate change and what needs to be done
  • Program 06: Education, Vocational Training and Capacity Building on climate change: curricula and teaching tools, specialized training; continuing education; scholarships; support to research

Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts

The NDC includes some adaptation programs that are tailored to risk management. For example, program 03: development of the climate risks and land-use plans; regional mapping; national, provincial, departmental and community management schemes; tracking systems.

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

The NDC provides that Cameroon intends to mobilise international private financing for the co-financing of the NDC’s actions. It also sets out that reinforcing capacity is seen as a priority and in terms of adaptation, the focus is on raising awareness, developing capacity, coordinating activities, and creating networks. Technology transfer and research and development are also included in its means of implementation.