Burkina Faso


National Focal Point

Secretariat Permanent du Conseil National pour le Développement Durable (SP/CNDD)

(Permanent Secretariat of the National Council for Sustainable Development)

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • NDC: 2021 – 2030
  • National Sustainable Development Policy
  • National Strategy for implementing the Climate Change Convention
  • National Action Program for Adaptation to Climate Change (NAPA)
  • Development of a framework NAMA
  • Strategic Framework for Investment in Sustainable Land Management (SFI-SLM)
  • National Adaptation Plan (NAP) (2025 – 2050)

National Institutional Arrangements

Burkina Faso’s NDC provides that to address and follow up climate change issues, a Permanent Secretariat of the National Council for Management of the Environment (SP/CONAGECE) was created within the ministry responsible for the environment and which will subsequently be transformed into the National Council for the Environment and Sustainable Development (SP/CONEDD) with expanded responsibilities. It also sets out that the Inter-Ministerial Committee to Implement the Actions of the UNFCCC has been fully involved in the preparation of the first National Communication on climate change.

Priorities and Needs

Burkina Faso’s NDC describes the primary interest of Burkina Faso, which is not a large greenhouse gas emitter, as the improvement of people’s capability to adapt to a significant rise in the average temperature, more severe dry seasons, stronger and less predictable rainy seasons, increased drought, lowering of the groundwater table, and an increased frequency of certain diseases.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

Burkina Faso’s NDC sets out that the objectives of its foreseen adaptations measures are to:

  • reduce the vulnerability to the impacts of climate change on the development of adaptation and resilience capabilities
  • facilitate the coherent integration of adaptations to climate change in policies, programmes or activities, new or already existing, in the specific processes of development planning and in the strategies of the relevant sectors at different levels

The NDC identifies the sectors involved in adaptation projects and suggested adaptation measures for each:

Sustainable Land Management:

  • Promotion of sustainable land management – improving access to climate information
  • Cultivation of early or drought-resistant varieties
  • Implementation of water and soil conservation techniques (stone barriers, levees, filtering levees, terraces, half-moons, agroforestry, dune stabilisation, etc.)
  • Practice of integrated soil fertility management
  • Development of master plans for water management
  • Development of water reservoirs: construction of modern wells, high-flow boreholes, dams; development of ponds; stream diversion
  • Development of grazing water sources and points
  • Delimitation and development of grazing zones
  • Combatting the silting of water sources
  • Implementation of water-efficient irrigation techniques
  • Development of research programmes on the resilience of forest, wildlife and fish species
  • Rehabilitation and preservation of wet areas

Forestry

  • Implementation of good forestry and agroforestry practices (selective cutting of firewood, assisted natural regeneration, controlled land clearing, etc.)
  • Protection of water courses and water sources
  • Practice of agroforestry for sustained management of natural resources
  • Community and participative management of forest, wildlife and fish resources

Energy

  • Diversification of energy sources (solar, wind, biogas)
  • Promotion of energy-saving technologies in industry and construction

Environmental education

  • Development of environmental education in both formal and informal teaching systems

Food

  • Improvement of food processing and preservation methods

The NDC goes on to detail the specific adaptation actions proposed for different sectors. In the AFOLU (land-use) sector, these include agriculture and water management, animal husbandry, biomass energy, forests/changes in land-use, and adaptive research. Other vulnerable sectors for which adaptation actions are set out are housing and urban development, the health sector, and strengthening of the early warning system for management of extreme climate events. Outlined are targets, the population involved, and the cost of actions. The NDC concludes with an annex listing projects in the adaptation component of the NDC.

Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts

There are a number of synergies between the adaptation actions put forward in Burkina Faso’s NDC and disaster risk reduction efforts. For example:

  • Mapping and marking of flood risk areas in population centres with more than 5000 inhabitants
  • Management of flood waters and flood prevention in Burkina Faso’s 13 regional capitals
  • Strengthening of capabilities to forecast and respond to phenomena associated with climate change
  • Strengthening of personnel capabilities relating to diseases sensitive to climate change
  • Transfer of technologies for climatic, meteorological and environmental monitoring
  • Hydrometeorological, meteorological and climatic data included in development plans and early warning systems

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

Burkina Faso’s NDC provides that the investment costs of conditional projects (for both mitigation and adaptation) will be US$5,907,823,915, and the implementation costs of those projects will be US$2,363,129,566.

Monitoring and Evaluation

Burkina Faso’s NDC sets out that a Coordination Unit will be responsible for overall follow up of the implementation activities of the NDC. It describes that the Coordination Unit will have a manual of administrative procedures and a harmonised system of follow-up and evaluation of the projects, detailing the principal responsibilities and the objectives that have been assigned. Project evaluations will be external and take place annually or at given intervals.