Benin


National Focal Point

  • Ministère du Cadre de Vie et du Développement Durable (Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development)

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • NDC (2020 – 2030)
  • The National Agenda 21 (l’Agenda 21 national)
  • The National Strategy for Sustainable Development (la stratégie nationale de développement durable)
  • The Low Carbon and Climate Resilient Development Strategy (la stratégie de développement à faible intensité de carbone et résilient aux changements climatiques)
  • The National Strategy for Strengthening Human Resources (la stratégie nationale de renforcement des ressources humaines)
  • Learning and Skills Development to Foster Green Development (de l’apprentissage et du développement des compétences pour favoriser un développement vert)
  • Low Emissions and Resilience to Climate Change (faible en émissions et résilient aux changements climatiques)
  • National Action Program for Adaptation to Climate Change (le Programme d’Action National aux fins  de l’Adaptation aux changements climatiques) (PANA)
  • 2016-2021 Action Program (PAG)

National Institutional Arrangements

Benin’s NDC includes a section detailing the institutional framework for its implementation. It states that the NDC will be implemented under the auspices of the Ministry of the Environment, which acts as the National Focal Point of the UNFCCC with the effective participation of all stakeholders. Stakeholder involvement will be ensured through particular bodies:

  • The Steering Committee of the NDC which is the supreme body for decision-making and guidance
  • The National Coordination of the NDC which is the federative entity of all the actions
  • The sectoral implementation teams reporting to the ministries covered by the measures included in the NDC

It goes on to say that the implementation of the projects and programs identified at the level of the various sectors covered by the NDC is the responsibility of the sectoral ministries concerned, with guidance provided by the Ministry of Environment.

Priorities and Needs

Benin’s NDC emphasises that like other LDCs, Benin is a country particularly vulnerable to climate change. The NDC includes a section setting out Benin’s vulnerability to climate change. It states that the major climate risks currently are drought, floods, late and severe rains, high winds, excessive heat and rising water levels. It also recognises coastal flooding and saline intrusion into rivers and water bodies as potential future impacts.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

Benin’s NDC includes a summary of adaptation measures and their objectives for a number of sectors. These objectives include:

All sectors:

  • Integrate climate change adaptation into planning instruments and management of national and regional institutions
  • Enhance the ability of all sectors to adapt to climate change
  • Mobilize the financial resources needed to adapt to climate change

Agriculture:

  • Make available notices and alerts of significant weather events to farming communities
  • Promote appropriate agricultural production systems
  • Define new agricultural calendars adapted to a changing climate
  • Improve the performance of Beninese agriculture

Water:

  • Ensure access to drinking water for the entire population
  • Strengthen the availability of water in deprived areas
  • Promote the water economy
  • Reduce the vulnerability of natural and human systems to water stress, flooding, and degradation of water quality
  • Strengthen knowledge of the climate system and forecasting capacity
  • Promote the control and good governance of water

Forestry:

  • Promote intensive reforestation with incentives throughout the country
  • Promote the sustainable management of state and communal forests
  • Adapt the legislative and regulatory framework of the forest sector to the changing climate
  • Update the national forest inventory
  • Reduce the vulnerability of communities to the degradation of forest ecosystems
  • Promote agroforestry
  • Develop mangrove ecosystems

Littoral:

  • Ensure the protection of the coastline against the risk of rising sea level
  • Clean the banks of banks and lagoons in the coastal environment
  • Reduce the vulnerability of human settlements and coastal resources to sea level rise
  • Ensure continuous protection of marine and lagoon systems

The NDC also sets out sectoral strategies for implementing these adaptation objectives:

All sectors:

  • National Strategy for Implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (SNMO)
  • National Adaptation Plan for Climate Change (NAP)
  • National Development Plan (under development at MPD)
  • Government Action Program (PAG)
  • Strategy for strengthening human resources, learning and skills development to address climate change

Agriculture:

  • Strategic Plan for the Development of the Agricultural Sector (2017-2025)
  • National strategy for the provision of efficient agro-meteorological services and for the benefit of the actors in the agricultural sector
  • Training strategy for farmers, herders and fishermen on technologies adapted to climate change and the use of agrometeorological information
  • Communication strategy for strengthening the adaptation capacities of climate change actors for agricultural production and security food in Benin
  • National Plan for Agricultural Investments and Food and Nutrition Security (2017-2021)
  • Strategic Plan for Climate Smart Agriculture Development (2018-2022)

Water:

  • National Action Plan for the Integrated Management of Water Resources (PANGIRE)
  • National Strategy for Drinking Water Supply in Rural Benin
  • National Strategy for the Provision of Drinking Water in urban areas Benign
  • Master Plan of Management and Water Management in the Basin of Ouémé

Forestry:

  • National Program for Sustainable Management of Natural Resources
  • Capacity building strategy on wildland fire management for better adaptation to climate change
  • Strategic plan for the development of mangrove ecosystems
  • Strategic Plan for the Development of Non-Timber Forest Products

Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts

The adaptation measures set out in the NDC include a number of disaster risk reduction efforts, for example: to make available notices and alerts of significant weather events to farming communities; reduce the vulnerability of natural and human systems to water stress, flooding, and degradation of water quality; reduce the vulnerability of natural and human systems to water stress, flooding, and degradation of water quality; and ensure the protection of the coastline against the risk of rising sea level.

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

Benin’s NDC states that the implementation of the activities planned requires financial, technological and capacity-building.

  • Technology: the focus will be on endogenous technologies and the transfer of South-South and North-South know-how
  • Capacity building: to consist of skills development and institutional capacity building
  • Finance: the total estimated cost for the implementation of plans, programs and projects in Benin for adaptation is US $5,594,690,000, of which US $1,441,150,000 is unconditional and US $4,154,540,000 is conditional . The NDC sets out that national resources (public funds and private investments) will be supplemented by external financial support (bilateral or multilateral)

Monitoring and Evaluation

Benin’s NDC states that the Ministry of Environment will be responsible for the monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the NDC in collaboration with the sectoral ministries.  In order to measure progress in the implementation activities listed in the NDC, monitoring and evaluation systems will be put in place.