Angola


National Focal Point

National Strategic Documents and Timeframe

  • INDC (2021 – 2030)
  • National Strategy for Implementation of the UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol
  • Strategy to Fight Poverty (SFP)
  • National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA)
  • National Strategy for Climate Change (2008)
  • National Afforestation and Reforestation Strategy (2020)
  • Strategic Plan for Disaster Risk Management (2011)
  • National Action Programme to fight Desertification (2014)
  • Strategy of Long Term Development for Angola (2025)

Priorities and Needs

Angola’s INDC highlights that the country is extremely vulnerable to climate change impacts such as drought and floods particularly in the southern regions. It describes that some regions of Angola are already experiencing a regular worsening of droughts and floods, as well as coastal degradation. According to the Angolan NAPA (2011), the major expected climate change threats and impacts are floods, soil erosion, drought episodes, and rise in sea level.

The NDC identifies the main sectors identified by climate change:

  • Agriculture and food security
  • Forest and biodiversity
  • Fisheries
  • Water resources
  • Human health
  • Infrastructure
  • Coastal zones
  • Energy

The NDC states that global warming of 2 degrees Celsius would imply for Angola severe economic losses for the agricultural sector, which contributes to over 8% of the country’s GDP.

Current and Planned Adaptation Efforts

Angola’s NDC prioritises the implementation of adaptation measures in the following sectors:

  • Agriculture
  • Coastal zones
  • Land use, forests, ecosystems and biodiversity
  • Water resources
  • Health

The INDC lists the following unconditional (current) adaptation options:

  • Land Rehabilitation and Rangelands Management in Small Holders Agropastoral Production Systems in Southwestern Angola (Project RETESA) to enhance the capacity of Angola’s smallholder agro-pastoral sector and to rehabilitate degraded lands
  • Enhancing climate change resilience in the Benguela current fisheries systems to build resilience and reduce vulnerability of the Benguela Current marine fisheries system to climate change
  • Promoting climate-resilient development and enhanced adaptive capacity to withstand disaster risks in Angola’s Cuvelai River Basin to improve evidence-based decision-making for early warning and adaptation responses as well as planning
  • Integrating climate change into environment and sustainable land management practices by disseminating sustainable land management and adaptation practices in agro-forestry and land ecology in 350 communities
  • Addressing urgent coastal adaptation needs and capacity gaps in Angola
  • Disaster risk reduction management to support agropastoral communities affected by recurrent droughts and other natural disasters in Southern Angola and Northern Namibia (project PIRAN)
  • Integrating climate resilience into agricultural and agropastoral production systems through soil fertility management in key productive and vulnerable areas using the farmers field school approach
  • Promotion of sustainable charcoal in Angola through a value chain approach
  • The ‘Solar Village’ programme to produce about 100 megawatts of solar power to all rural areas by 2025
  • Construction of hydroelectric and thermal power plants
  • Energy and water sector action plan 2013-2017

The adaptation strategy within Angola’s INDC also contains a further 29  conditional adaptation options.

Synergies with Disaster Risk Reduction Efforts

Angola’s INDC provides that Angola developed a Strategic Plan of Disaster Risk Management in 2011.

The adaptation contribution set out in Angola’s INDC includes a number of projects which have synergies with disaster risk reduction efforts:

  • Enhancing climate change resilience in the Benguela current fisheries system: a project focused on strengthening the capacity of national and sub-national entities to monitor information (including forecasts) and to be able to combine this information with other environmental and socio-economic data to improve evidence-based decision-making for early warning and adaptation responses as well as planning
  • Project PIRAN: to strengthen food security and disaster risk reduction/management, and increase the resilience of agro-pastoral livelihoods by increasing capacity to manage risks related to natural disasters at the level of communities and local institutions
  • Creating an early warning system for flooding and storms
  • Climate monitoring and data management system
  • Constructing flood protection barriers along major rivers

The latter three of these planned actions are conditional on finance.

Requirements for Additional Planning, Financial and Technical Capacities

Angola’s INDC provides that international support in the form of finance, investment, technology development and transfer, and capacity-building will be required to fully accomplish the intended contributions.

The adaptation contribution lists 29 conditional adaption projects with a total projected cost of USD 107,500,000. This amount is additional to the unconditional actions (current) which have an implementation cost amounting to around USD 500 million.